Green infrastructure uses vegetation, soils, and natural processes to manage water and create healthier urban environments by reducing flooding. Strategies work by soaking up and storing water, slowly releasing it into the ground. Green infrastructure can provide habitat, increased resiliency to flooding, cleaner air, and cleaner water.
In some older cities like Newark, the wastewater system is known as a Combined Sewer System in which both stormwater and sewage are collected together in the same pipe and then directed to a wastewater treatment facility. However, after a heavy rain event or snow melt, the system can become stressed and release both storwmater and raw sewage into our waterways.
Along with CSOs, flooding is a major problem in Newark. Homes and businesses are damaged by flooding, schools and roads are closed, and traffic ensues. There is not enough green space throughout the city to absorb rainwater, thus it ends up in the sewer system. Small or large green infrastructure projects throughout the City of Paterson can make an impact in reducing flooding and improving water quality, and quality of life!